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National Institute of Population and Social Security Research

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  2. About Institute : The Financial Statistics of Social Security in Japan Providing data for relevant government ministries and international organizations


About Institute

The Financial Statistics of Social Security in Japan
Providing data for relevant government ministries and international organizations
Every year, the National Institute of Population and Social Security Research releases “The Financial Statistics of Social Security in Japan.” The statistics estimate both total and categorical amounts of annual receipt and expenditure on social security schemes in Japan on the basis of two international standards; the ILO (International Labour Organization) standards and the OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) standards. In 2012, “The Financial Statistics of Social Security in Japan” was designated as under the scope of Fundamental Statistics by the Statistical Act.
According to the time-series trend of social benefit by three categories, the benefits for pensions and medical care have been increasing year by year as a result of the ongoing phenomenon of population aging and the advancement of medical technology.
●Social benefit by category
Social benefit by category

The international comparison shows that most social expenditure goes to the elderly in Japan. According to the comparative social expenditure per GDP by nine policy areas, social expenditure on the elderly – such as pension or long-term care benefits – is the second highest, while social expenditure on family – such as family benefits – is the second lowest among the six developed countries compared.
Statistics have been broadly used as fundamental sources to monitor social security policies and their financing, and also as a significant index to conduct international comparisons of social security expenditures.
●International Comparison of Social Expenditure relative to GDP in FY2011
International Comparison of Social Expenditure relative to GDP in FY2011
Sources: Social Expenditure: OECD Social Expenditure Database 2014 ed.
GDP:
Japan is from the Economic and Social Research insitute, Cabinet Office, Goverment of Japan, “Annual Report on National Accounts 2014.” Other nations are from OECD National Accounts 2014.